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  • Poza scriitoruluiRadu Alex

Krav Maga History




Krav Maga is a hybrid fighting system that brings together the most effective and realistic techniques and elements from various contact disciplines (Boxing, Muay Thai, BJJ, Judo, Aikido, Karate) in a single curriculum, aiming at self-defense and survival.


History



Krav Maga initially appeared as a military combat system, being founded between 1930-1950 by Emrich "Imre" Lichtenfeld (May 26, 1910 - January 9, 1998). I was born in Bratislava as the son of a well-known police officer of a circus acrobat. As a child, I excelled in many sports such as wrestling or boxing and practiced various types of martial arts. When anti-Semitic riots spread to his hometown, I and his family were forced to immigrate to Israel (then Palestine). Imi Lichtenfeld, also known as Imi Sde-Or, began by teaching combat techniques to the military structure that would become the IDF (Israel Defense Forces), and two other agencies would adopt Krav Maga (Shin Bet and Mossad). In 1964 he withdrew from the IDF, continuing to teach Krav Maga to both civilians and law enforcement and engaging in the development of other military applications.


In 1978, together with a number of students, he created the Krav Maga Association, in order to promote this fighting system both locally and internationally. As the spread of this fighting system grew beyond the borders of the state of Israel, it was necessary to create an international Krav Maga organization. As a result, the International Krav Maga Federation - IKMF (International Krav Maga Federation) was created, with the support of its most loyal students, including the current president, Avi Moyal.


Subsequently, through organizations such as IKMF (the most prestigious and professional Krav Maga federation in the world), this system grew in popularity. IKMF has adapted Krav Maga techniques to serve both internal law enforcement and civilians to meet the needs of people to learn to defend themselves. IKMF is the only federation that teaches Krav Maga to renowned structures such as FBI, GIGN, YAMAM, French Legion, Mossad, IDF, Polish Army, US Army, and civilians from over 80 countries.


Krav Maga is a fighting system and not a sport or martial art. There are no rules and no competitions. This allows the implementation of techniques borrowed from the disciplines mentioned above, without the limitations of a sports regulation, to achieve maximum effectiveness in a real situation.


Krav Maga has become increasingly versatile, being developed so that it can be used anywhere, anytime, anyway, and by anyone. The original concept was for the techniques to be learned and executed in the simplest and most practical way, thus promoting the natural reflexes of man and improving them. For this reason, Krav Maga is an accessible system, aimed at the general public regardless of age, gender, or physical conformation, through which practitioners can improve their skills in a relatively short time. In Krav Maga the results appear relatively quickly with a strict emphasis on techniques, the training being devoid of rituals and traditions.


FILOSOFIE


Krav Maga este un sistem de luptă ancorat în realitate, ce folosește doar tehnici care funcționează. Curriculum-ul este actualizat periodic, păstrându-se doar ce este testat și demonstrat.

Filosofia acestui sistem subliniază agresivitatea și neutralizarea pericolului într-un timp cât mai scurt, folosind orice mijloace disponibile. Krav Maga oferă soluții rapide, apărarea constând în efectuarea unor manevre ofensive și defensive executate în mod simultan. Atacurile sunt concentrate asupra zonelor vulnerabile ale corpului.

Krav Maga include atât antrenament fizic cât și psihic pentru a putea face față sub stres oricarei situații potențial periculoase, pentru a putea controla emoțiile și pentru a prelua cu succes controlul. Krav Maga presupune conștientizare, vigilență și prevenție.


BASIC PRINCIPLES


Krav Maga encourages its practitioners to avoid physical confrontation as much as possible. If all peaceful methods of resolving the conflict have been exhausted, the physical confrontation becoming inevitable, Krav Maga means ending it as quickly and aggressively as possible. Attacks are often directed at the most vulnerable areas of the body.


KRAV MAGA ASSUMES:


Defense and attack techniques performed simultaneously

Development of physical aggression (NOT to be confused with emotional/mental aggression). Physical aggression is considered one of the most important advantages in a fight

The use in combat of any available object

Counterattacks and preventive attacks executed as quickly as possible

The attacks target vulnerable areas of the body, such as eyes, neck, face, cervical area, genital area, knees, etc.

Using simple, repeated shots

Permanent awareness of the environment during the fight, to identify possible ways out of the conflict, to identify other potential aggressors, and to identify objects that can be used in the fight.

Development of muscle memory and instinctive response in conditions of increased stress

Krav Maga training includes the development of situational awareness, the study and understanding of the psychology of a street confrontation, and the development of the ability to identify a threat before the attack itself takes place. Krav Maga also includes psychological and verbal methods that aim to avoid a violent confrontation. By using controlled scenarios, Krav Maga seeks to strengthen the mental strength and mental balance of its practitioners, so that they can control their instinctive impulses, and use force only when this is the last resort.

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